Hinduism (sanskrit: hindu dharma, also known as hindumat, sanatan dharma, arya dharma, and vaidik dharma) is a religion or philosophy that originated from the indian subcontinent and nearby surrounding areas. Chapter 1: introduction: indian philosophy chapter 2: general characteristics of indian philosophy chapter 3: hindu philosophy orthodox hindu philosophy and three heterodox schools the orthodox are nyaya, vaisesika, samkhya, yoga, purva mimamsa and vedanta source (brahman) the concept of natural law (dharma) provided a basis for. Samkhya karika, one of the key texts of this school of hindu philosophy, opens by stating its goal to be three  kinds of human suffering and means to prevent it  the text then presents a distillation of its theories on epistemology, metaphysics, axiology and soteriology. The concept that is encapsulated in the word “dharma”, which in the ancient sanskrit language means “natural law”, is predicated upon the recognized need for the organic and munificent sacralization of culture and of all human concern, as well as the manifestation of the highest potentials attainable by each human person in society.
Under the natural law – if female of higher bio-cultural (psychogenic) heredity gets married with comparatively less cultural heredity of male, then it never begets good progeny, it never gives good social health for the future socio-economic and political-cultural progress. What this is trying to imply is that natural law exists even without the existence of man, and indeed as history shows us, natural law did exist well before man, and even life in general manmade laws are culturally and psychologically defined, in no way can they be confused with natural law. The vaiśeṣika philosophy is a naturalist school it is a form of atomism in natural philosophy it postulated that all objects in the physical universe are reducible to paramāṇu (), and one's experiences are derived from the interplay of substance (a function of atoms, their number and their spatial arrangements), quality, activity, commonness, particularity and inherence. Hinduism on the metaphysics & philosophy of hinduism beliefs & hindu gods all is one (brahman) the first collection of indian philosophy that was written down was the vedasthe word 'veda' comes from the sanskrit vid, meaning knowledge - the vedas are 'sacred knowledge.
Sāṃkhya (सांख्य, samkhya) is a dualistic school of hindu philosophy (āstika) and is closeley related to the yoga school sāṃkhya philosophy accepts three pramāṇas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Vedic deities and the vedic yoga follow the threefold law of manifestation in the universe naturally the question arises as to what extent this correlates with the three guna theory of classical samkhya and yoga in the philosophy of yoga, derived from the samkhya system, all matter in the universe is reducible to one primary substance. “summary: “guna” literally means property, quality, merit, virtue, etc in philosophy it denotes a property, mode or propensity of things and beings the gunas are primarily responsible for our predominant traits, actions and modes of behavior in this essay we present the importance of gunas. The law of cause and effect forms an integral part of hindu philosophy this law is termed as 'karma', which means to 'act' the concise oxford dictionary of current english defines it as the sum of person's actions in one of his successive states of existence, viewed as deciding his fate for the next. Brāhmaṇa • a person with natural aptitude for learning, analyzing, researching, teaching, one of the three gunas every hindu ceremony from birth to death and beyond is drawn from the vedas.
There are three such qualities or gunas which are shared by all matter, living or non-living: the quality or guna of purity and calmness seeking higher knowledge (sattvic), the quality or guna of impurity, darkness, ignorance and inactivity (tamsic) and the quality or guna of activity, curiosity, worldly gain (rajasic. The mother is the three modes of nature called sattva-guna, rajo-guna, and tamo-guna, of which the last two are mutually opposed before the implicate order is manifest, all the modes exist in “balance. The #1 mistake people make about natural law is that they assume that natural law is secular and non-religious not true according to saint thomas aquinas saint thomas teaches that the virtue of religion, sacrifice, holidays, and even a natural priesthood pertains to the natural law. Natural law in hinduism buddhism, jainism and zoroastrianism dharma key concept with multiple meanings in hinduism, buddhism, and jainism rita, sanskrit ṛta (“truth” or “order”), in indian religion and philosophy is the cosmic order mentioned in the vedas, the ancient sacred scriptures of india. Three of them speak of the divinity of the soul and the fourth speaks of the nature of god they are how many schools of hindu religious philosophy exist that is why these substances are called sattva guna, rajo guna and tamo guna.
In the context of spiritual philosophy darsana means a worldvision, a view or window to the true nature of the world traditionally darsana is defined as one that envisions the true nature of of the world (samsara), the cause of binding ( mula karana) and the path to liberation of self (nishreyasa. In samkhya philosophy, a guṇa is one of three “tendencies”: tamas, sattva, and rajas these categories have become a common means of categorizing behavior and natural phenomena in hindu philosophy , and also in ayurvedic medicine , as a system to assess conditions and diets. The sanskrit word guna is difficult to define and has many meanings, although it may be best described as the modes of matter there are three main categories of gunas: sattva, rajas and tamas everything in prakrti (nature) is constituted of each of these categories, although not in a way that allows for separation. These verses do not support the last name based hereditary hindu caste system which led to division in hindu society gita clearly states that varna is based on karma and guna it is unfortunate that this message had to wait till 1900 ce when vivekananda explained it.
The hindu word for religion, which also refers to duty, natural law, social welfare, ethics, health, and transcendental realization, is dharma true 2 the hindu term for action and the consequences of action is karma. The theory is aimed at reducing chaos and confusion created by the supporters of natural law philosophy 2 pure theory of law deals with the knowledge of what law is, and it is not concerned about : what law ought to be. Chapter 18 liberation arjuna 1 krishna, what is the real difference in accordance with the three gunas this is explained in the principles of the gunas his interests include philosophy, inter-religious dialogue, and studying the hindu scriptures he has previously authored a translation of the purusha suktam, a hindu creation theme.
The first law of the gunas is ‘the law of alternation’ the three gunas are ever in dynamic inter-action all three forces remain intertwined, affecting each other in various ways. In total, hindu philosophy has made a sizable contribution to the history of indian philosophy and its role has been far from static: hindu philosophy was influenced by buddhist and jain philosophies, and in turn hindu philosophy influenced buddhist philosophy in india in its later stages. Start studying comparatie religions-test 1 learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools search one of the three orientations of religions, focusing on rituals and ceremonies as the path to salvation a) sacramental there are no clear boundaries between the natural and the supernatural b) definite. Hindu philosophy refers to a group of darśanas (philosophies, world views, guna, it states, are of three types: sattva being good, compassionate, illuminating, positive, and constructive it is a form of atomism in natural philosophy.
Natural law: natural law’s roots are going back to greek philosophy in ethical categories, this was in use time to time in different modes holmes observed that the natural law “emphasizing social harmony and well-ordered personal life modeled on the law-governed nature of the physical world.